Types of Nursing Careers

 – Agency Nursing is essentially where a nurse will register or sign up with an agency or similar group and tell them what hours they are available to work. The nurses are then contacted and offered work on a shift to shift basis.

Agency Nurses are now in high demand, particularly, in the case of nurses with specialized training or experience. See also: travel nursing

Ambulatory Care – Ambulatory Care Nurses care for patients whose stay in the hospital or other facility will last for less than 24 hours. ambulatory care nursing covers a broad range of specialties in the out-patient setting.

American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing

Anesthesia – Nurse Anesthetists work with surgeons, dentists, podiatrists, anesthesiologists, and other doctors to provide anesthesia to patients before, during, and after surgery or child birth.

American Association of Nurse Anesthetists

Cardiac Care – The Cardiac Care Nurse works with other members of the medical staff in assessing, intervening, and implementing nursing care for the cardiac patient.

American College of Cardiovascular Nursing

Case Management – Case Management is a collaborative process of assessment, planning, facilitation and advocacy for options and services to meet an individual’s health needs through communication and available resources to promote quality cost-effective outcomes.

American Case Management Association

Critical Care – Critical Care nurses provide care for patients and families who are experiencing actual or potential life-threatening illness. More specific fields that fit into the critical care category include cardiac care, intensive care, and neurological and cardiac surgical intensive care.

American Association of Critical Care Nurses

Emergency – Emergency Nurses assess patients, provide interventions and evaluate care in a time limited and sometimes hectic environment. Emergency Nurses work independently and interdependently with various health professionals in an attempt to support patients and their families as they experience illness, injury or crisis.

Emergency Nurses Association

Forensics – Forensic Nurses provide medical care to victims of crime, collect evidence after crimes occur, and provide medical care to patients within the prison system.

International Association of Forensic Nurses

Gastroenterology – Gastroenterology (GI) Nurses provide care to patients with known or suspected gastrointestinal problems who are undergoing diagnostic or therapeutic treatment and/or procedures. GI Nurses practice in physician offices, inpatient and outpatient endoscopy departments, ambulatory endoscopy centers and inpatient hospital units.

Society of Gastroenterology Nurses Association

Geriatrics – Geriatric Nurses care for elderly patients in a number of settings which include the patients home, nursing homes, and hospitals. Geriatric Nurses face constant challenges because their patients are often very ill, very complex, and very dependent on the nurses skills.

American Geriatrics Society

Holistic – Holistic Nurses provide medical care for patients while honoring the individual’s subjective opinions about health, health beliefs, and values. Holistic nursing requires nurses to integrate self-care, self-responsibility, spirituality, and reflection into their daily nursing care.

American Holistic Nurses Association

HIV/AIDS – HIV/AIDS Nurses provide healthcare for patients who are HIV or AIDS positive. These nurses usually have specialized training in HIV/AIDS.

Association of Nurses in AIDS Care

Informatics – Nursing Informatics is a broad field which combines nursing knowledge with the use of computers. Jobs in this field could range from the implementation of a new computer network within a hospital to the sales of computer systems to hospitals by an outside computer company.

American Nursing Informatics Association

Legal Nursing – Legal Nursing combines the use of the legal system with a thorough knowledge of the nursing field. Legal Nurses are usually seasoned veterans of the nursing field who work with attorneys to review medical documents and determine if medical negligence occurred.

American Association of Legal Nurse Consultants

Midwifery – Midwives are nurses that are specially trained to deal with childbirth and providing prenatal and postpartum care. The midwife is qualified to deliver babies by themselves unless there are extenuating circumstances which require the midwife to consult with a physician.

American College of Nurse-Midwives

Military – Military Nurses work in a variety of settings, ranging from family practice at a local military base to providing emergency care for the wounded during war times.

Neonatal – Neonatal Nurses provide care for newborns by assessing the patient to ensure good health, providing preventative care to prevent illness, and caring for the babies which are sick. The neonatal nurse is responsible for anticipating, preventing, diagnosing and minimizing illness of newborns.

National Association of Neonatal Nurses

Neuroscience – Neuroscience Nurses care for patients using new therapies and innovative technologies to treat diseases of the nervous system.

American Association of Neuroscience Nurses

Nurse Practitioner – Nurse Practitioners are advanced practice nurses who have obtained their masters degree and are qualified to prescribe medication, and interpret diagnostic and laboratory tests.

American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
American College of Nurse Practitioners

Occupational Health – the Occupational Health Nursing is responsible for improving, protecting, maintaining and restoring the health of employees. by providing this care for employees, the occupational health nurse is able to influence the health of the organization.

American Association of Occupational Health Nurses

Oncology – Oncology Nurses provide health care for cancer patients at all stages of treatment and remission.

Oncology Nursing Society

Pediatric – Pediatric Nurses care for children in all aspects of health care. Pediatric nurses practice in a variety of settings which include hospitals, clinics, schools, and in the home.

Association of Pediatric oncology Nurses
National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates and Practioners

Perioperative (OR) – Perioperative Nurses work in operating rooms in tertiary care hospitals, community and rural hospitals, day care surgery units and specialized clinics. They often provide post-anesthetic care in rural hospitals or specialized units where nurses provide total patient care.

American Society of Perianesthesia Nurses
The Association of Perioperative Registered Nurses

Psychiatric – Psychiatric Nurses provide care for patients and families with psychiatric and mental illnesses. these nurses practice in a variety of settings which include hospitals, and institutions.

International Society of Psychiatric – Mental Health Nurses

Research – Research Nurses perform clinical and basic research to establish a scientific basis for the care of individuals across the life span-from management of patients during illness and recovery to the reduction of risks for disease and disability, the promotion of healthy lifestyles, promoting quality of life in those with chronic illness, and care for individuals at the end of life.

National Institute of Nursing Research

School Nursing – School Nurses work with students and faculty of schools providing medical care and other support in an in-school environment.

National Association of School Nurses

Transplant – Transplant Nurses work in a variety of settings and function in various aspects of transplant procedures. They assist in the transplantation of various body parts which include, but are not limited to: liver, kidney, pancreas, small bowel, heart, and lungs.

International Transplant Nurses Society

Trauma – Trauma Nurses care for patients in an emergency or critical care setting. these nurses generally care for patients who have suffered severe trauma such as a car accident, gun shot wound, stabbing, assault, or other traumatic injury.

Trauma Nurse

Travel Nursing – Travel Nurses work for an agency that provides nurses to hospitals and other health care facilities across the country. Travel nurses usually get to choose which locations they are willing to travel to and are typically given assignments which last for 13 weeks or more. travel nurses usually make a very good salary, receive paid housing accommodations, sign-on bonuses, and other excellent benefits. See also: Before you start travel nursing (article)

Urology – Urology Nurses care for patients in such specialties as oncology, male infertility, male sexual dysfunction, kidney stones, incontinence, and pediatrics. Urology nurses may also participate in such urological surgeries as surgery for cancer, general urology, plastic, infertility, brachytherapy, lithotrispy, and pediatric surgery.

American Nephrology Nurses Association
Society of Urologic Nurses and Associates

Women’s Health – Women’s Health Nurses participate in fields such as OB/GYN, mammography, reproductive health, and general women’s health. These nurses practice in a variety of settings.

Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses


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