10 tips for learning pharmacology

Do the work!

“There is no secret. Sit down and repeat the drug cards to yourself. Do it all day, every day. In the bathroom, at work, while eating. Memorization isn’t something that’s easy.” — Richie Zolskiy

Start with the mechanism of action

“Start with the body’s responses and learn the drugs that do them. i.e. antihypertensives, diabetic, increase heart rate, slow heart rate. Then once the students understand how the body is affected, slowly move to the classes and categories.” — George Surber

“Learn what the meds are used for associate them with the things you’re using them to treat. Works well as a base to build on.” — Sam Edwards

“Break drugs down by indication and then by class. When I started at my job we carried a lot of meds that weren’t covered in medic school so I broke them down by what they were used for, then by class. Meds in the same class tend to have the same indications, contraindications, etc. Learn them broadly, you can always refer to your CPGs for specifics but you want to have an idea of what to use first.” —Jonathan Farrow

Flashcards, notecards, and dry erase boards

“Flashcards, flashcards, and more flashcards. Name on one side and information on the other. You get repetition and memorization from writing them, and recall from studying from them.” — Scott Kier

“Use note cards and put your drugs in their classes, take the drug out of the drug box and look at it as you look at your notecards.” — Melissa Stuive

“Flash cards and bring them EVERYWHERE with you! Worked for me.” — Crystal Brown

“Use a dry erase board and keep writing them out until you have them memorized.” — Daniel McCuan

“We took index cards and wrote one card for every drug. Indications, contraindications, etc. It was an hour and a half ride to school 3 nights a week. We used them like flash cards.” — Jon Morgan

Understand the big picture

“Learn physiology inside and out first. Then learn the drug classes and their effects. Then memorize the individual drugs used in your local protocols.” — Stephen Husak

“Learn drug actions as you’re learning the anatomically corresponding system (respiratory drugs/cardiovascular etc.). Stressing purpose of use links it together. Heart problems? What fixes those?” — Kerri Gross

Create study aids

“I made a chart in alphabetical order. During my ride time I would read it over and over. The chart had the drug name, the generic names, the dosages, the indications, the contraindications, as well as the mechanism of action and the drug type and diseases or conditions it is given for.” — Lea Dingman

30 second drug guide lookup

“Take the 30 seconds to look it up and after some time you won’t need the protocol book as much. If you still are not sure, CALL SOMEONE WHO CAN HELP YOU!!! We need to stop this macho know all be all medic attitude and teach students that it’s okay to get a second opinion or quickly the find the answer to something if you are not sure. If you don’t maximize the resources that are made available to you and you fail just because you are scared to ask for help then you truly did let yourself and your patient down. Study, memorize, make reference, but if you’re not sure ask!” — Anthony Maestas

Touch the meds

“Go through a med box. Pick up each individual drug, look at it and review indications, contraindications, how to administer and side effects. Kind of a hands on approach, because just reading and memorizing doesn’t work.” — Bob Henderseon

Constant quizzing

“Everyone learns differently. Ask every medic that you ride with to constantly quiz you and actually look at the medications.” — Dan Madigan

Use word association

“Get Creative with your drugs and how you remember them. Quick example:

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl): Adult Dose

Ben is a construction worker, Ben Drills 25-50mg in 4-6 hours.”

Marco Williams

Drug guide books and apps

“Buy and read your latest edition pharmocopeia, keep it up to date, know it back to front, keep it on you and read it during down time. Don’t just regurgitate information from it either, learn a page or two in depth a day.” — Brady Lloyd

“Keep a copy of the drug reference book in the cubby hole at the head of the patient care area for quick access.” — Glenn Gerber

“I’ve always trusted the pocket reference guides called Informed Guides, and now I have the app for IPhone.” — John Murphy, Jr.

Final thought: Pharmacology is important!

In addition to the tips several readers commented on the importance of understanding pharmacology.

“Remember that you have no business giving a drug if you can’t explain to a five year old how it works and why you give it.” — Matt Michalowski

article source

http://www.ems1.com/ems-social-media/articles/2137102-10-tips-for-learning-pharmacology/

Can an Average Student get into Medical School?

Many potential medical students ask questions about what it takes to be accepted into a medical school. One of the most common questions is: Can I get into medical school as an average student? Can you really be admitted to a medical school with a 2.00 G.P.A.?

The admission guidelines for medical school have changed over the last few years. Most medical schools have recognized the importance of diversity in student applicants. Therefore they have put more weight on the “well-rounded” student for entrance to medical school. The days of the total emphasis on grade point average and high test scores for admission have ended. Now there is more emphasis on experience, background, personal philosophy, letter of recommendation, and the personal interview. If you do well with all of these factors your chances for admission will be much greater than just grades and test scores alone.

The basic requirements for medical school remain the same. You must usually have a B.S. Degree in some fieldFind Article, but it does not have to necessarily be in science. The basic courses for admission generally are the same for all medical schools. You must have coursework in:

General biology
Physics with lab
General chemistry with lab
Organic chemistry with lab
Calculus
English composition

Almost 90% of US medical schools require an AMCAS application. This can be downloaded on your home computer and completed. It will cost about $35 per application. Some medical schools also charge a secondary application and processing fee that can range from $50 to $100 in cost. Most experts suggest applying to at least ten medical schools to increase your chances of acceptance at a medical school of your choice.

The cost of attending medical school is high. Make sure to apply early and complete your financial aid forms early as well. Many medical schools have a single deadline for admission. If you miss that deadline you will have to wait another year to apply again. Make sure that you meet all deadlines for a smooth transition. If everything is in order your application process should go well. All you have to do is sit back and wait for your acceptance letter.

Going to medical school is a lifelong dream for many. It is quite an achievement to be accepted into a medical school. It is the beginning of an investment for your career as a medical doctor. It will pay dividends for your entire life to serve your community and neighbors as a physician.

ECG Interpretation – Atrio-Ventricular Block

Atrial depolarisation is transmitted to the ventricular myocardium by the AV node and intraventricular conducting system. The time between the onset of atrial depolarisation and the release of depolarisation into the ventricular myocardium from the terminal branches of the conducting system is represented by the PR interval on the ECG. Dysfunction of the AV node or diffuse damage to components of the ventricular conducting system can result in a delay or even failure of transmission of atrial depolarisation into the ventricular muscle mass. This situation is referred to as atrioventricular or AV block. Three degrees of AV block are recognised. First degree AV block is defined by transmission of all P waves to the ventricular myocardium but with prolongation of the PR interval beyond the upper limit of normal on the ECG. Second degree AV block is defined by failure of conduction of some P waves into the ventricles. In third degree or ‘complete’ AV block, no P waves are transmitted to the ventricular myocardium.

Traits Of Successful Med Students

“What does it take to succeed in medical school?” This is a question that I hear often. There is no single answer to this question, of course, as there are many different personality types that thrive in medical school. However, there are certain traits that nearly all successful med students share. Below I’m going to cover some of the most important traits of successful medical school students:

Time management skills. Medical school is incredibly demanding in terms of time. Between class work, study time, and countless other requirements, med students often feel like they are being pulled in many different directions at once. The reality is that in order to get everything done on time, you need to have strong time management skills. This includes the ability to plan your time, prioritize, and stick to your schedule. If you can’t use your time efficiently, getting through med school is next to impossible.

Ambition and Motivation – Medical school is a long and exhausting journey. If you’re not ambitious and motivated, you’re not going to be able to handle it. Successful med students are able to keep their heads up even as they are faced with seemingly endless challenges. They are able to persevere no matter how exhausted they may be.

Stress management skills – Stress is a constant in medical school. Students are constantly being pushed to the limits of their ability, and they are aware that slipping up could be disastrous for their career. As if that wasn’t enough, students typically don’t get the sleep they need and don’t have time to get much exercise. The result can be overwhelming degrees of stress and students that can’t cope aren’t going to succeed. Bottom line: If you’re going to succeed in medical school, you need to be able to thrive in stressful situations.

Genuine interest – Successful medical students are genuinely interested in their studies. This is essential, as the amount knowledge to be absorbed is overwhelming at times. If a student isn’t curious and doesn’t enjoy the material, it’s next to impossible to master it.

Interpersonal skills – The journey through medical school is filled with relationships. Students need to be able to work well as a team with other students in order to prepare for courses and study for exams. They need to be able to relate to professors and instructors, as well as physicians, patients and other professionals. The ability to communicate with others and succeed as a team member is absolutely essential for med students.

Long term perspective – As a med student, there will be days (and weeks) that are simply overwhelming. I can virtually guarantee you that you’ll think about quitting more than once. Successful students are able to keep these bad days in perspective – because they recognize that these challenges are simply steps in their journey to a successful and fulfilling career.

There is no single personality type that is best suited to success in medical school. There are, however, several traits that are essential for any successful med student. Read through this list again and ask yourself if you have these traits. If not, start working to develop them immediately – and you’ll be much more likely to thrive in med school!

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/5588734

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