Category Archives: Uncategorized


Rheumatology pictures


Rheumatoid Arthritis Pictures







ankylosing spondylitis









How to get the most benefit from your Clinical Rotation

What to expect?

Okay, so if you’re reading this you may be a medical student, might have a medical student friend or you’re simply interested in how clinical rotations are organized. A clinical rotation means you will be working for the first time in the hospital and be directly involved in patient care.

For most medical students the first clinical rotation is always an emotional time. You go to your assigned hospital in the morning and you really don’t know what to expect. Of course you might have some idea about what goes on at the hospital and what you should do, but even with older friends to give you advice you can still find yourself totally unprepared on the first day.

Benefiting fully from your clinical rotations can make a huge difference in your medical education. This is when we finally get a chance to integrate the knowledge from the books with day-to-day patient interactions.

What to expect?

1. Patient interactions

Patients can be scary for a medical student. Your first encounters will probably be clumsy, but that’s OK. That’s how all the great doctors began their careers. Even your most esteemed university professors had embarrassing moments. You may not find the right words to say to the patient, you may be asked a question you have no idea how to answer. Just relax and take it all in, admit to yourself that you are just a medical student who is there to learn. Patients always miss having someone to talk to so try to be that person. Try to really understand what they are going through and they will be kind to you. If you can’t manage to take an accurate history at first, don’t worry! As you gain more experience everything becomes second-nature.

2. Doctor interactions

Depending on where you live in the world, there may be different approaches to clinical medical education, but the idea remains the same: Students will be following a doctor around the hospital. That’s how it usually is. As time passes you will start to have more responsibilities yourself, but first you must see how things are done.

The doctor responsible for the medical students is usually very kind and will gladly help you out if you are really interested in learning something. Try not to be a know-it-all and be open to learning whatever he/she might teach you. He has years of experience in dealing with patients, in administering drugs etc. Ask many questions, there are no stupid ones.

If you are asked a question about something you haven’t got a clue about, never be afraid to say: “I don’t know”. You are there to learn.

3. Preparation

Try to come to your rotations well-prepared. Reading your textbooks in advance really helps you out by making it easier to integrate everything. Reading attentively creates a structure on which you can add various other knowledge. During clinical rotations, doctors don’t really have the time to give you the information in an organized manner. You will be seeing lots of patients, signs, diseases and procedures in a very short time so you should know the theory in order to ask better questions.

USMLE Exam Preparation – 3 Steps You Must Take In Order To Be Successful On Your Board Exams

The USMLE exams, whether you are writing Step 1, Step 2, the Step 2 CK, or even the Step 3 are very challenging and exhausting. If you are getting ready to write any of these, or you’ve already written and are looking to the next step, there are a few changes you may want to make that will not only help you achieve a much higher score, but they will help you do better by working fewer hours.

The key to success with the USMLE exams is to get more information into your head without having to spend 20 hrs every single day cramming and reading your class notes, hospital notes, or study notes. I was given a 3-step process by one of my medical school professors which put a new twist on the popular qbank-technique for studying for the boards, and it is outlined below:

Step 1 – Do a question bank or two very thoroughly taking notes

Too many students will aim to get through a certain number of questions before writing their exams. A popular number in my school was 5,000-10,000 questions before sitting for your exam, but the thing about this is that people assumed that when doing this many questions they would encounter similar questions over and over again, thus helping to reinforce things that were previously either forgotten or not understood. Instead of taking hundreds of hours and spending money to do 3-4 question banks, a new approach is to take your time to slowly go through each and every question, extracting every bit of information from each question. The thing about the qbank questions is that every single one gives explanations about both correct and incorrect answers, so you can get several bits of high-yield information from each question. So instead of having to repeat similar questions, you can take your time, take notes, and then simply review the notes so you can actually learn the information in just a fraction of the time.

Step 2 – Create a detailed notebook from your question bank

Grab yourself a 300 page notebook and fill it with as much information as you can from your qbank. If you do a standard question bank, you can get it done in 2 weeks if doing 4-6 hours per day and you should be able to fill one of these notebooks completely with high-yield information.

Step 3 – Combine your qbank notes with a study guide

The last step to making the most of this technique is to read through a quality study guide and to insert the qbank information in the appropriate sections. This will allow you to find high-yield information in your study guides and then go deeper and fill in more in-depth information from the information extracted from your question banks.

Article Source:

Medical Specialties with the Best Paying Salaries

If you suspect that the money you pay for medical treatment fuels high medical salaries, you are correct. No less an authority than the U.S. Department of Labor marks doctors as having the best salaries in the United States.

This information is further supported by an annual compensation survey administered by the Association of American Medical Colleges. They represent all 134 accredited U.S. medical schools and 400 teaching hospitals and health systems, which cover 125,000 faculty members, 75,000 medical students and 106,000 resident physicians.

The survey lists the following five specialties as the best paying, ranking from lowest to highest. In comparison, general practitioners earn up to $220,196 annually, and general surgeons get $383,333 per year.


Gastroenterologists study a subspecialty of internal medicine that concentrates on the digestive track including the stomach, intestines, colon and esophagus. They may treat conditions such as constipation, ulcers, hemorrhoids and cancer. They do not perform surgery, but may perform biopsies or exam internal organs through endoscopes.

They must complete four years of undergraduate school, four years of medical school, three years of residency in internal medicine. They then continue with an additional two or three years in gastroenterology. They often also study hepatology, which covers the liver, pancreas and biliary tree, which transports bile from the liver to the small intestine. They start off the list of the highest paid doctors with a maximum of $481,923 per year.


Invasive Cardiology

Invasive cardiologists are physicians who not only diagnose and treat conditions of the heart and cardiovascular system. As opposed to non-invasive cardiologists, they perform catherization to locate blocked arteries. This involves inserting a catheter, which is a small tube, through the blood vessels until it reaches the heart. They do not perform surgery, which is the province of cardio-thoracic surgeons.

Training includes four years of college, four years of medical school and three years of residency, followed by two or three years of specialization. They max out at $495,000 per year.


Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgeons reconstruct, repair or replace physical defects in the head and face, musculoskeletal system, skin, and extremities such as hands or breasts. They can effect these repairs to correct congenital problems and accidental trauma, or to improve cosmetic appearance.

Their education encompasses four years of undergraduate school, four years of medical school, and five or seven years of specialty training. They earn up to $499,656 per year.


Radiation Oncology

Radiation oncologists use radiation to manage diseases, primarily those relating to malignant tumors, such as cancers of the brain, breast, lung and prostate. It can be combined with surgery performed by surgical oncologists, or chemotherapy, which is typically controlled by clinical oncologists, who can also handle radiation therapy.

Training for radiation oncologists covers four years of undergraduate study, four years of medical school, one year of general medical training and four years of radiation oncology training. They make up $518,991 per year.

Orthopedic Surgery

Orthopedic surgeons specialize in restoring function to the musculoskeletal system, which includes the spine, hip, knee, shoulder, elbow and extremities. They can use medicine, physical manipulation or surgery to treat medical problems in both adults and children.

Orthopedic surgeons train for four years in undergraduate studies, four years in medical school, one year in general surgery, and four years in orthopedic surgery, with six months devoted to the treatment of children. They are the highest paid doctors, with compensation up to $600,000 per year.

How to study Anatomy & Physiology

The study of human Anatomy and Physiology (A&P) spreads across wide range of topics rendering exhaustive information to its reader. However, if one tries to learn or study this exhaustive subject without adequate skills or a proper mode, he could find

himself lost in the maze. Although this is true, one does not have to go overboard by quitting

his job or giving up on sleep or even curtailing his social life for engaging in the study of A&P.

It is true that the study of A&P would get you exposed to an extensive range of more than 2,001 body parts, which if desired to be studied or learnt would virtually appear indeed very tedious. But that’s not all true. An exhaustive subject such as A&P requires adoption of a certain discipline for its study. Although reading through the subject of A&P would seemingly appear relatively easy, learning of the same certainly requires one to adopt a certain method or discipline. Thus, it is of no wonder as to why man

y people complain of failing in A&P in spite of claiming to have studied the subject for over 20 hours. This in fact should be a good example to depict that the study of A&P requires quality rather than quantity, wherein quantity being  often related to the number of hours spent by one claiming to have studied this exhaustive subject. This is the very reason why one is required to get himself engaged in the subject of A&P, so as to render effectiveness in his learning process. Mere reading the subject of A&P could at most be correlated with mere indulging, rather than engaging oneself in its learning process.  As such, READING A&P SHOULD CERTAINLY NOT BE CONSTRUED TO BE LEARNING IT! Reading denotes passive learning, which makes very little sense unless one gets practicality embodied in the study of A&P. Learning, to me,  is something which engages one’s brain to allow the material or content to be imbibed within, which is exactly what is required in the study of A&P. For the sake of simplifying, Reading and learning of A&P are as diverse and distinct as knowing how to drive a car and actually getting behind the wheel to drive it!

This article attempts to help those who want to study or learn this otherwise exhaustive subject of A&P. In doing so

, there are some pointers fairly articulated to enhance the learning process of A&P, as follows.

1. Read the chapter

Reading should be optimally combined with learning. Thus, the study of A&P should commence with one reading the subject, even before imbibing or learning of it. In doing so, refrain from unnecessary highlighting.

2. Outline or summarize the subject

Instead of rewriting the whole chapter, it is advisable for one to keep focus on key concepts and in the study of A

&P. Grouping of these key concepts or ideas would help one in summarizing the subject better. One could use designs, colors or anything which would aid one in associating with A&P with ease.

3. Use Flashcards for definitions

By putting the main term on the front and the definition on the back, you could prepare a Flashcard which would ena
4. Teach and show what you have learntble you to remember most of the terms in the study of A&P. For more information on how efficiently to make Flashcards, refer to

This has similarity in the statement ‘Practice what you Preach.’ So without wasting any time in reading all what you have learnt once again, it would help you better if you teach the same to someone else. I am sure that the content of A&E would echo in your ears and mind more firmly by doing this. It is a proven fact that teaching helps one retain 70 % of what is learnt. Going a step ahead, showing someone would in fact help you retain 90% of your learned content. So go ahead, and flaunt it!

5. Taking help from ‘You Tube’

In today’s times of fast paced internet medium, it won’t hurt if you use any interactive visual medium such as ‘You Tube’ to enhance your learning process on A&P. As it is said, ‘Seeing is Believing.’ Indeed.

6. My

This website is from the publisher himself, which combines quizzes, flashcards along with a unique section PAL 2.0. PAL
7. Practice makes you Perfect 2.0 is purely designed to endow practicality for the study of anatomy. This section aids in RECALLING as well as sharing of views by the students on the discussion boards.  Access for this website can be purchased for around $35.

That is right! Once you imbibe content, you have to practice it again, and again, and again until it gets mastered. A tedious task which ought to be carried out with utmost discipline. For understanding how to do it, refer to

8. Recalling Anatomy through Martini’s Atlas of the Human Body

An older version of this is available on Amazon and can be optimally used in recalling the anatomy.

9. Memorizing anatomy

Repetition is definitely the key.  One has to engage in the act of using word roots, making use of mnemonics, writing down the difficult words, and such other ways of connecting with the subject better. This could also include using one’s own experiences or use of picture-word tally in one’s association process with the subject.

10. Using your time constructively

As such, you have to practice recalling all that what you have learnt or imbibed.  Recall the info can be easily done more constructively rather than cramming the entire chapter in a row. However, you have to use the time constructively to your advantage, by drawing a step by step plan, effectively and efficiently!


11. iPod A&P Application

For only as mere as $1.99, this app should help you in the study process of A&P better.

12. Be Flexible

Not moving around can make you static, which could ultimately reflect on your brain! Hence, refrain from sitting in one place for hours at a stretch. Taking a break would enrich your study and render more flexibility in your learning of A&P.

Apart from the aforesaid pointers, what is equally important is your inner voice. You have to be honest w
Reasoning is the most significant part underlined in every study. Likewise, in the study of A&P, if you cith yourself first to understand that the knowledge learnt or imbibed has to be on permanent basis. Which is why, you have to know that every piece of information is relevant and cannot be sidelined at any time. You ought to demonstrate a strong character by depiction of a tough mindset coupled with utmost confidence, well supported by faith in yourself! You have to realize your potential and release it efficiently to your benefit, in the process of studying A&P.


ould reason as to why you have joined a class, or what you are exactly striving for, it could render you a more focus approach in the study of A&P. You ought to know how badly you want to learn the exhaustive, wide spread study of A&P. You also have to know that it is important to strive for learning the same, as if you do not, someone else will. So believe in yourself, understand the completive environment around, master your approach, and go for it!

Page 10 of 11
1 8 9 10 11